The 3 Years Stint Of Modi Government And The Mega Plans Ahead
The 3 Years Stint Of Modi Government And The Mega Plans Ahead
A major reachout has been planned at the completion of 3 years of office of the prime minister on May 26, 2017. There is a massive coming together of the BJP cadres consisting of Chief Ministers, Union Ministers along with MPs and MLAs, who are planning to approach the aam aadmi and inform them about the assistance meted out to them during the previous 3 years of the Government.
The Government took to launching various welfare schemes whose aim was to introduce equality and security on social and economic fronts. A good move that reflected the government’s intention was that it displayed its presence in every socio,economic, international, national, religious and political concerns.
Narender Modi has gathered Hindus under one umbrella and attempted to promote equal liberty and rights for Muslim women also. The states ruled by BJP Government particularly UP fared superbly under his command.
The party is making concerted efforts to improve its political footprint in South India and the northeast besides states where it was conventionally weak.
Achievement of BJP Government
The BJP Government in India introduced the Swachh Bharat Mission to provide sanitation all over the country, and project a clean India by 2019 as its mission. Further, it launched Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana with the goal to offer accessibility to various monetary services such as basic savings banks account, remittances, loans, insurance and pension to the weaker and low-earning group.
The government’s another pet project, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana proposes to bring nearly 5 crore houses in LIG and EWS categories by 2022. Another social endeavor, “The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme” was initiated with the objective of generating awareness regarding the lowering Child Sex Ratio in India and provide education and security to girl child.
The last 3 years witnessed almost 42 schemes under direct benefit transfer of subsidies as well as various benefits for regulating black marketing and exploitation. A Hi-tech urbanisation and city retrofitting program of the government is the Smart Cities Mission with the objective of developing 100 cities of India into smart cities by rendering them sustainable and resident friendly. To digitize India, the Modi administration has launched the Digital India movement to make administration services available to the people at the tap of a button by electronic methods through advanced online and digital infrastructure.
The government has also attended to the home segment with the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana launched with the objective of offering 5 crores free LPG connections to the BPL families women. To empower Indian youth the PM has introduced the Make in India scheme to hike the employability of the Indian youth.
LPG Subsidy Measures
Initially launched as a “Give It Up” move, the Petroleum and Natural Gas Ministry led by Dharmendra Pradhan stopped LPG subsidy to users whose income was over Rs. 10 lakh annually. The sum saved was utilized to provide more than 5 lakh fresh LPG connections to persons who still cooked using Firewood and Kerosene Stoves.
India-Bangladesh land border agreement
While India is encountering boundary issues with nearly every neighbor, this agreement affords the hope that problems can be cordially solved by diplomacy. The people residing in the enclaves that were lately annexed by India even cast their franchise in the freshly concluded West Bengal Assembly elections.
Real Estate Law
The Real Estate Regulation framed by Housing Ministry headed by M. Venkaiah Naidu made the process transparent and maintained checks and balances in the shape of a Real Estate Regulatory Authority instilling confidence among home-purchasers. With housing sector having a share of 9% of GDP, this regulation, if efficiently enforced by the States, could be a game-changer for the housing sector.
India’s lobbying met with success when the UN declared June 21 as International Yoga Day. The mass yoga meet at Rajpath, headed personally by Mr. Modi, peaked the record of maximum people taking part in such an event.
The flagship scheme of Communications Ministry, headed by Ravi Shankar Prasad aimed to create a knowledge economy and effective governance is moving in the right direction. Every minister and ministry now features on Twitter. A number of e-governance schemes such as digital locker and feedbacks with mygov.in are among its noteworthy initiatives.
The Yemen evacuation was among the largest wartime exodus, since the Gulf War which was personally overseen by MOS Gem. (Retd) V.K. Singh. The External Affairs Ministry, led by Sushma Swaraj won laurels for aiding the Indians residing abroad, whether it be saving Kerala nurses from war-ravaged Libya or getting back differently-abled Geeta from Pakistan.
On The Sidelines
The following projects have been put on watch after being initiated by the BJP:
Make In India
As part of pet project of Mr. Modi to transform India into a manufacturing hub, the government is undertaking efforts by relaxing foreign investment norms, overhauling labour laws and eliminating red tape. India has held road shows internationally and Mr. Modi has visited various countries to garner support. Different multi-nationals have vowed their support.
The government initiated universal access number (UAN) to every EPF holders to render transfer of PF accounts simple while switching jobs. The good reputation gained from the working class quickly disappeared when the Finance minister suggested tax at premature withdrawal of provident fund. It was taken back after protest by garment workers hit Bengaluru.
The One Rank One Pension scheme, a long-standing demand of ex-servicemen was adopted by the government, though with caveats. Premature retirees have been kept out and the pension review will be conducted each year. Though all requests of the veterans have not been fulfilled, the government will be commemorated for bringing a forty year long battle to its culmination.
The Power Ministry led by Piyush Goyal plans to assist discoms and State governments to accumulate nearly Rs. 1.75 lakh crore by bonds to augment the condition of power distribution sector. 18 states have confirmed their participation in the scheme. The plan seems good on paper, seeking to limit power theft and pilfirage. Its implementation needs to be overseen.
The government rescued Aadhaar from becoming a white elephant by moving the Aadhaar Bill. Although, issues persist on why it was made a money bill, would the constitution be altered to accord more powers to Aadhaar, or would the UIDAI bargain on privacy.The government Digital India and range of welfare schemes depend on Aadhaar. Will Aadhaar remain simply another card or will it really effect a change must be observed.
The Modi government built a different ministry led by Uma Bharti to purify the river and safeguard its ecosystem. The Namami Ganga scheme with a budget of Rs. 20,000 crores over a span of 5 years has been approved. Ganga will be purified by 2018, according to Ms. Bharti. Though the deadline seems stringent, the demand for a purer river has gathered momentum.
Imagine journeying from Mumbai to Ahmedabad in 2 hours. It can be accomplished by a bullet train if the deal with Japan comes through. China has displayed interest in advancing the Chennai-Delhi bullet train corridor. But a sole bullet train corridor needing around Rs. 98,000 crores raises issues on the viability of the scheme.
A barrage of insurance schemes like crop insurance for farmers, economical health insurance coverage, Atal Pension Yojana for the unorganised segment, and the Jan Aushadhi Yojana for retail sales of generic drugs were launched in the past 2 years. Additionally, the government has reintroduced Kisan Vikas Patra and initiated a PPF equivalent for girl child known as Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme.
Was Demonetization and Introduction of 2000 currency actually a smart move?
Prime Minister Narendra Modi banned the use of 500 and 1000 rupee currency notes by issuing a proclamation on 8 November 2016 to stop illicit and fake currency, The mission was to limit black money and restrain financing for illegal activities and terrorism. The abrupt announcement created cash crunch in the market and caused considerable turmoil across the financial system.
However, the demonetization move was initiated to restrict corruption and wipe out counterfeit currency and boost tax revenue. It is still to be seen how the demonetization drive can help to shrink or wipe out the shadow economy.
The Prime Minister Narendra Modi has exhorted the party MPs to assume credit for all the positive work done by the government, instead of showering all the credit on him.
All these policy decisions should be implemented on a war footing so that the government comes out with an excellent report card on the eve of the 2019 General Elections.